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2019年8月

2019年8月30日 (金)

Stands

次回この記事の日本語版を投稿します。

This post is in reply to an email I received from a young enthusiast, George, who writes "I have what I believe to be a 1950's Yamaguchi bicycle but it doesn't have a stand.  I looked on your blog but was unable to find any information on stands, the types and differences, etc."

Well George, you are correct I have yet to do a post on stands.  But this one is for you and I hope it provides some insight.

Generally speaking, if we exclude the common day single leg side stand, there are basically 3 different types of stands:
1. Channel
2. Box
3. Roller-equipped 

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1.Channel Type Stand
This is the most common type of stand found mainly on, gents' and ladies' roadsters, as well as, utility cycles
Equipped with springs the stand is kicked up and when lowered can be locked in the down (stand) position.
These stands come in two main designs, chain stay mounted or seat stay mounted.

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Chain stay mount type
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Seat stay mount type
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Note the short rear carrier, compare it, and the tire size, with the photos below.

2. Box Type Stand 
This type of stand is stronger and sturdier than the Channel type and is occasionally found on utility cycles but more commonly on light carrier cycles.  These types of stand were mainly fitted to the seat stays. Of the three types, Channel, Box and Roller Equipped, the Box stand is the least common.

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3. Roller-Equipped Heavy Duty Type
This is the strongest and sturdiest stand occasionally found on light-carrier cycles but mainly on heavy-duty carrier cycles.  Referred to in Japanese as Kiraku (a cinch) the rollers on the stand enable the stand to be raised and lowered even when heavily loaded. These types of stand were mainly fitted to to the chain stays.

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Note the wide tire, typically 2.5" or 3", and, the large extended carrier for hauling large loads.  Carrier cycles were true beasts of burden and the roller-eqipped stand made it possible to raise and lower the stand when loaded.

 

2019年8月18日 (日)

自轉車 (子供の本 昭和17年出版)

I'll be back with another English post soon until then stay trued and happy wheels.

子供の本「自轉車」です。
真珠湾攻撃から6ヶ月後の昭和17年5月に初出版されました。
自転車関連以外にも、戦時中は子供(少国民)も含めて国民全員一丸となって天然資源を節約しなければならないことも書かれています。

表紙 (旧読み 右から左へ)
自轉車(轉=転の旧漢字)
少国民文化教本 
少国民は死語ですが、第二次大戦までは「小学生」という意味でした。
社法人圖画工作研究所編 (圖=図の旧漢字)
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裏紙
定價=価の旧漢字
65銭 は1円未満の金額計算単位ですが、昭和28年(1953年)の「小額通貨の整理及び支払金の端数計算に関する法律」 によって発行されなくなりました。現在では利子や為替でしか使われていません。

平仮名で子供のお名前「おかだ たかこ」と上手に手書きされています。
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昭和17年5月27日初版印刷
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当時の本は左から右へに開きます。
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序文
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序文の一部(抜粋)
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バケツが木製の桶

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右ページに三輪車に乗っている子が玩具の銃を背負っています。

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自転車屋

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戦地の兵隊さん

戦争が長引けば長引くほど金属回収が激しくなり、自転車のみならず不要不急線(線路撤去)、お寺の鐘、校門、二宮金次郎の像、ミシン、鍋、釜などなど…あらゆるものが回収され溶かされて軍需品に生まれ変わりました。
渋谷のアイコンであるハチ公も金属供出され一度は失われましたが、昭和23年に2代目ハチ公が再建され今に至ります。 
下記はの写真は、1944年10月13日に行われたハチ公の出陣式の様子です。

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写真: 毎日新聞 

来年は戦後75年。
2020年東京オリンピックが行われます。
この機会に世界が過去を振り返り、
二度と戦争はしない!
と世界全体が宣誓する記念の年となることを切に願います。

 

2019年8月 3日 (土)

The Bicycle (A children’s book, 1942)

次回この記事の日本語版を投稿します。

Here is a children's book entitled "The Bicycle" first published in May 1942, just six months into WWII. 
The book allows a glimpse of a nation at war and the need for everyone, including children, to conserve natural resources.

Front Cover
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Back cover
Cost 65 sen (Note that the currency unit is "sen", 100 sen equals 1 yen). 
The "sen" currency was phased out in 1953, and the unit is now only used in interest rates and exchange rates.
Even has the child's name written in hiragana, Takako Okada.
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First published in May 1942
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The following are telltale signs of old Japanese books.
1. Opens from left to right.
2. Horizontal script is printed right to left.
3. Use of old style characters. (國 = 国、轉 = 転、圑=団、圖=図)
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Foreword
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Loosely translated excerpt from foreword.
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‟As many of you know the importation of gasoline from foreign countries has come to a halt.
However, gasoline is indispensable for aircrafts and tanks.”


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‟Thus, gasoline is very precious when it comes to protecting the homeland.
Which is why the use of automobiles and the like which run on gasoline have become limited.
But what can be used in place of automobiles?”


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The answer is the bicycle.
Yes, bicycles do not require gasoline or coal.
And bicycles will take you as far as you can pedal.
That is why bicycles have become so popular of late, men and women, adults and children、even our soldiers in the field, everyone is using bicycles.


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‟However, precisely because there are so many people using bicycles, we must consider how we can take care of bicycles and make them last as long as possible.  In order to do so it is important to obtain a solid understanding of how bicycles work, and, how to ride and maintain them.  With this book you shall learn all these things."

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Note the bucket is made of wood.

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Note on the right page, a toddler with toy rifle riding tricycle.

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Bicycle repair shop

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Bicycle infantrymen

As the war wore on, scrap drives became more and more intense, very sadly many a bicycle was donated to the war effort and melted down for munitions.  Even Shibuya's icon, Hachiko, that beloved bronze statue; the original statue was donated to the war effort as shown in this photo of Hachiko's send-off ceremony on October 13th 1944.

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Photo courtesy of "The Mainichi" newspaper. 

It is easy to see why Japanese, not only adults, but children who grew up during the war have mottainai-shugi instilled in them.  Next year the world will mark the 75th anniversary of the end of WWII.  In addition, the world will come together in Japan as it hosts the 2020 Olympic Games.  It will be a fine opportunity for the world as one, to reflect on the past and reconfirm the rewards of peace. 

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